Wolf Pack Battalion | Military science
The origins, evolution and legacy of the Wolf Pack Battalion
The University of Nevada, Reno ROTC Wolf Pack Battalion was established in 1888 as part of the “University Corps of Cadets”. On June 3, 1916, the Reserve Officer Training Corps was born out of the National Defense Act offering commissions in the military as a second lieutenant through a “four year program”. The ratification of the Morrill Act of 1862 and the Nevada Constitution of 1864 actually led to the creation of the University Corps of Cadets. These two documents indicate that courses in military science and tactics were to be offered at the university. Classes began on the Reno campus in 1896, with the opening of Morrill Hall.
Turn of the century and World War I
In 1906, it was planned that all able-bodied men under the age of 27 would become cadets during their four years of undergraduate studies. However, from 1888 to 1916, only the top three candidates were recommended for commissioning. It was not until after World War I that students who completed the required four years of training would be eligible for a commission. After World War I, enrollment at the University of Nevada, Reno grew to 500 students and further increased to 1,000 students in 1936.
Growing Concerns and World War II
The start of World War II saw the largest military mobilization in our country’s history. In 1943, as part of this effort, the Army and Air Force deployed a training contingent to the University of Nevada, Reno, to train officers and aircrew. Lincoln Hall served as the main administrative center until the end of the war in 1945.
After the war and in the 1960s
After World War II, the Wolf Pack Battalion saw its participation in the ROTC decline until the early 1960s. The enactment of the ROTC Vitalization Act of 1964 boosted enrollment. The law established a new âtwo-year programâ option allowing students to take a six-week summer foundation course allowing them to begin the ROTC advanced program in their first year.
Today, the Wolf Pack Battalion consists of more than 120 cadets. Graduates continue to support emergency missions and operations around the world, serving in Afghanistan, Iraq and Kuwait. Today, nearly 100 years after its inception, the national ROTC program produces nearly 65% ââof the officers in the United States military.