Military alliance requires ideological cover
A few weeks after the announcement of the Aukus Alliance, which aims to confront China in the Asia-Pacific region, the United States launched a summit for democracy, aimed at uniting the countries of the region and building more military alliances, which must be based on an ideological cover that gives them legitimacy.
Why is the United States using democracy in its next war?
First, one of the historical reasons for the success of any military alliance is the extent to which member states are interconnected, and the lack of a common ideology usually frustrates the efforts of any military alliance. The survival of NATO, for example, was and still is thanks to the common liberal ideology in the face of the Soviet Union and the existence of a bipolar world without impressive gray areas.
There is an ongoing debate as to whether the Soviet Union’s cooperation with Britain and the United States before World War II was an effective traditional alliance. International security specialists argue that it was not an alliance because the coordination between them was weak, due to the fact that the allied countries did not meet around the same values, therefore the first step to build alliances enduring military lies in the creation of a value or an ideology that requires the formation of this alliance and gives it a justification for existence.
Recently, in the light of multipolarity in the world, the United States has begun to lose the ability to build military alliances and the legitimacy to deliver nuclear submarines to Australia in accordance with the non-proliferation agreement , and on the other hand the change in the concept of alliances. in most countries of the world, from the traditional military perspective to the perspective of strategic partnerships, which includes the absence of military engagement with allied countries, the United States has felt the danger of this pluralism and the evolution of the concept of alliance, because Asian countries will not be forced to conclude military alliances against China.
Second, in recent years, China has been able to restore relations with many countries in Southeast Asia. Thanks to economic interdependence and the Belt and Road Initiative, military conflicts in the region have begun to subside. For example, relations between China and Vietnam have calmed down in recent times. One of the stated goals of the Belt and Road Initiative is to achieve regional balance of power and economic integration with Asian countries, hence stability and development in these regions. turbulent, which could gradually lead to an increase in the power of China and the United States. lose its control over this region over time, and therefore pushes the United States to resume the war of values Once again to impose control on these countries and find justifications to isolate China and destroy its economic ambitions in the region.
If we look at the volume of trade between China and ASEAN, it has increased from less than 300 billion dollars in 2010 to 641.5 billion in 2019 and 731.9 billion dollars in 2020, ASEAN has thus become China’s largest and most important partner, followed by the European Union.
In view of the free trade agreements that China has successfully concluded, in 2020 Cambodia signed the first bilateral free trade agreement with China, prompting the two countries for comprehensive strategic cooperation aimed at carrying the trade volume to $10 billion in 2023. .
Not only Cambodia, but China’s FTA partners are ASEAN, Singapore, Pakistan, New Zealand, Chile, Peru, Costa Rica, Iceland, Switzerland, Maldives, Mauritius, Georgia, Korea, Australia, Hong Kong and Macao. China is also looking to conclude 8 more free trade agreements in the coming periods.
According to liberal theory of international relations, high volume of trade and economic interdependence between countries leads to more stability and reduces the possibility of conflict, because the high costs of war and the loss of economic privileges reduce the chances of conflict. , and so these growing partnerships between China and Asia-Pacific countries threaten the US alliance with these countries. For example, Japan, Vietnam, and South Korea are among China’s biggest trading partners, and so the likelihood of them being used as allies by the United States to isolate China has weakened, especially with its tendency to integrate with countries in the region and seek formal membership in the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership.
All of this forces the United States to once again borrow the watchwords of democracy to become the value on which more alliances are built in the Pacific region to isolate China and undermine its efforts to build a new international order. .
Third, the United States began to notice democratic threats in South and East Asian countries, particularly Myanmar, Thailand, the Philippines, and Malaysia.
In Myanmar, the military coup last February undermined the dream of democratization and the desire of the United States to include the state as an ally that could control many Chinese interests there, including gas pipelines.
Moreover, in the Philippines and Malaysia, there are many problems with the rise of new right-wing currents, such as the Malay-Islamic coalition that came to power in Malaysia.
Such developments gradually lead to the disappearance of democracy in Asian countries in favor of the Chinese regime, which could prevent the United States from establishing alliances in the future.
Due to all these reasons combined, the United States has revived the watchwords of democracy and re-marketed them through the apex of democracy they call it, in order to provide legitimate cover to more people. military alliances aimed at confronting China, such as the Aukus.
Democracy to provoke war
One of the contentious issues at Biden’s Democratic summit is whether to invite Taiwan among 110 other countries, which could rekindle the question of recognizing Taiwan and jeopardize the “one China” principle.
Taiwan’s invitation to participate in the summit of democracy has no other meaning than to trigger conflicts in the region and to try to isolate China by considering it against the international liberal order.
US Undersecretary of Defense for Asia-Pacific Security Affairs Eli Ratner has repeatedly stated lately that strengthening Taiwan self-defense is an “urgent mission” and key to deterring China, at a time when the United States is seeking new alliances, so are there other dimensions to the summit of democracy? Will there be new American moves? Especially because the reunification of Taiwan is one of the priorities of the Chinese Communist Party, which was proclaimed by President Xi Jinping, during a speech in the Great Hall of the People to commemorate the 110th anniversary of the revolution in September.
The attempt by the United States to create conditions similar to those of the Cold War is likely to fail this time, because the Cold War was a clear struggle between two poles with contradictory ideologies, while the international system now with its multipolarity does not is more suited to create a war of values around which countries rally. The traditional alliance concept has now changed and been replaced by an alignment that ignores military cooperation, so that many countries have become less willing to enter into alliances that can lead to economic losses.
In light of China’s current economic diplomacy and development initiatives that include dozens of countries, especially with the principle of political non-interference pursued by China, countries no longer want to lose these advantages to certain values. who have proven their inability to solve the problems of countries any longer.
The Shifting Paradigm of alliances in international relations, and the emergence of an alternative to the liberal model, based on economic aspects alone, threatens the position of the United States in the international system, which prompts the United States to invoke the conflict of values and playing the role of guardian in the Asia-Pacific region, the coming days will reveal the repercussions of the summit And if the United States can build new traditional alliances, it can contain the rise of China.